Home » White Tiger: Habitat, Size, Diet & Population

White Tiger: Habitat, Size, Diet & Population

White tigers or bleached tiger, the majestic and rare variant of the Bengal tiger, have captured human imagination with their striking appearance and mysterious aura.

This article explores their genetics, size, diet, defects, population, breeding practices, conservation, and ethical considerations.

Quick Overview

AttributeDescription
SpeciesPanthera tigris
SubspeciesPanthera tigris tigris
ColorWhite coat with black stripes; caused by a recessive gene in the Bengal tiger
SizeMales can weigh 200-230 kg (440-510 lb) and reach up to 3 meters (9.8 ft) in length
DietCarnivorous, including large mammals like deer, wild boar, and buffalo
PopulationSeveral hundred in captivity worldwide; about one hundred in India
RarityOccurs naturally about once in 10,000 births
Breeding PracticesControversial due to genetic diversity concerns; intentional breeding is often discouraged
ConservationFocus on preserving genetic diversity and ensuring well-being; subject of ongoing debate
DefectsInbreeding can lead to genetic defects like crossed eyes and kidney problems

Scientific Classification

KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata
ClassMammalia
OrderCarnivora
FamilyFelidae
GenusPanthera
SpeciesP. tigris
SubspeciesP. t. tigris

Genetics

White tigers are not a separate species but a genetic variant of the Bengal tiger. The unique white coat with black stripes is due to a recessive gene, requiring both parents to carry this gene.

This genetic rarity occurs naturally about once in 10,000 births, making white tigers an extraordinary phenomenon.

Other Interesting Color Variants of Tigers
Golden Tiger
Blue Tiger (Maltese Tiger)
Black Tiger

Pure White Tiger

Snow White Bengal Tiger Loro Parque, Tenerife
Snow White Bengal Tiger Loro Parque, Tenerife | source: flickr.com

Some white tigers possess an additional genetic condition that results in an almost complete absence of stripes, rendering them nearly pure white.

This stripeless appearance adds to their mystique and allure, making them even more sought-after in zoos and entertainment venues.

Size

Standing white tiger (Bengal tiger species 😺) with open mouth, at Singapore Zoo
Standing white tiger (Bengal tiger species 😺) with open mouth, at Singapore Zoo | source: wikipedia.org

White tigers are known to grow faster and heavier than their orange counterparts. Males can reach weights of 200 to 230 kilograms (440 to 510 lb) and lengths of up to 3 meters (9.8 ft).

Habitat

The last known sighting of a white tiger in the wild was in 1958, in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

Historically, they inhabited dense jungles and mangrove swamps in India, similar to other Bengal tigers.

Since then, these tigers have been confined to zoos and reserves.

Diet

Like other tigers, white tigers are carnivorous predators. Their diet mainly consists of large mammals such as deer, wild boar, and buffalo.

Their hunting techniques mirror those of regular Bengal tigers, showcasing their adaptability and prowess as apex predators.

Learn More: What Do Tigers Eat?

Defects

Inbreeding among white tigers has led to various genetic defects, including crossed eyes, shortened tendons, and kidney problems.

These health challenges have raised concerns and led to efforts to expand the gene pool to reduce these defects, focusing on the well-being of these animals.

Population

Two white Bengal Tigers from the Singapore Zoo
Two white Bengal Tigers from the Singapore Zoo | Creative Commons @ Plastictv

Several hundred white tigers are in captivity worldwide, with about one hundred in India. The last known white tiger in the wild was shot in 1958.

Their rarity and unique appearance have made them a popular attraction, but also a subject of conservation focus.

Breeding Practices

The breeding of white tigers has been controversial due to concerns about genetic diversity and ethical considerations.

Intentional breeding to produce white tigers has been barred by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums, emphasizing responsible management and genetic diversity.

Conservation

Conservation efforts for white tigers focus on preserving genetic diversity and ensuring their well-being.

Balancing the desire to see and study these creatures with the need to protect and preserve them is a complex challenge.

Ethical considerations in breeding and keeping white tigers are central to ongoing debates in wildlife management.

Conclusion

White tigers are a testament to nature’s complexity and beauty. From their genetics to their conservation challenges, they offer a rich subject for study and reflection.

Understanding these rare and beautiful animals contributes to our appreciation of biodiversity and the delicate balance of nature.

Efforts to conserve and ethically manage white tigers are vital for their continued existence and our ability to learn from and enjoy them.

Their story serves as a reminder of the wonder and responsibility we hold in our relationship with the natural world.

FAQs

How rare is a white tiger?

White tigers are extremely rare, occurring naturally about once in every 10,000 births among Bengal tigers.

Which country has white tigers?

White tigers have been found in India, and several hundred are in captivity worldwide.

What is special about a white tiger?

White tigers are special due to their unique white coat with black stripes, a result of a recessive gene. Their rarity and striking appearance make them fascinating.

How many white tigers exist?

There are several hundred white tigers in captivity worldwide, with about one hundred in India. The exact number may vary.

Are white tigers in India?

Yes, white tigers have been found in India, and many are kept in captivity there.

Can Bengal tigers be white?

Yes, white tigers are a genetic variant of the Bengal tiger, caused by a recessive gene.

Are black tigers real?

Black tigers are reported but extremely rare. Some sightings and photographs suggest the existence of tigers with unusually dark stripes.

Are snow tigers real?

The term snow tiger is sometimes mistakenly used for white tigers, but it is not a recognized name for them. Snow leopards, a different species, are sometimes referred to as snow tigers.

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FaunaFolio is a dedicated team of wildlife enthusiasts committed to sharing their knowledge and passion for the animal kingdom. Through our comprehensive and engaging content, we aim to inspire appreciation and promote conservation of wildlife.

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