Black Tiger : Diet, Sightings & Genetics

When we think of tigers, a vivid image of orange fur with dark stripes often comes to mind.

But have you ever heard of the “Black Tiger”?

Not a distinct species but a unique color variant, the black tiger is a testament to nature’s whims and wonders.


Black tigers are not entirely black but have a dense pattern of stripes that make them appear darker than the usual tigers. These tigers are not the result of true melanism.

The Black tiger
The Black tiger | source :

Instead, they exhibit a condition called pseudo-melanism. In pseudo-melanistic tigers, the stripes are so thick and close together that the tawny background is barely visible. This dense striping gives them their dark appearance.

Other Interesting Color Variants of Tigers


While tales of black tigers have floated through history, concrete evidence was sparse. That was until the Similipal Tiger Reserve in Odisha, India, became a spotlight.

A recent capture by a camera trap in this reserve showcased a black tiger in all its glory. This video, shared widely, rekindled interest in this rare feline variant.


Much like their traditionally-colored relatives, Black Tigers are carnivores at heart. Their menu primarily features deer, wild boar, and occasionally, smaller prey like birds, depending on what the forest buffet offers.

Learn More: What Do Tigers Eat?


While the darkened stripes offer a unique camouflage in the dense woods, they might be a double-edged sword. This distinct coloration could hinder their stealth in more open terrains, making hunting more challenging.


Like all tiger variants, the black tiger grapples with threats from habitat erosion, poaching, and human-wildlife conflict. Conservation initiatives are paramount, not just for the black tiger but for all tiger populations.

Ethical considerations, especially regarding breeding practices in captivity, are vital. It’s imperative to prioritize the health and well-being of these majestic beings over their aesthetic allure.


The black tiger, with its unique appearance and mysterious origins, remains one of nature’s most intriguing puzzles.

As we continue to study and understand this rare variant, it’s crucial to ensure their conservation and ethical treatment, ensuring that future generations can marvel at their majesty.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a black tiger?

The Black tiger

A black tiger, also known as a melanistic tiger, is a rare color variation caused by a genetic mutation, resulting in thicker, darker stripes that often merge, giving the tiger a darker appearance.

Are black tigers a separate species?

The Black tiger

No, black tigers are not a separate species. They are Bengal tigers with a unique genetic mutation that affects their stripe pattern.

Where are black tigers found?

The Black tiger

Black tigers have been mostly spotted in the Similipal Tiger Reserve in Odisha, India.

What causes the dark stripe pattern in black tigers?

The Black tiger

The dark stripe pattern is due to a genetic mutation that results in an overproduction of the pigment melanin.

Are there any black tigers in captivity?

The Black tiger

While melanistic tigers are rare, some have been reported in captivity, but they are not as common as other color variations like white tigers.

How does the diet of a black tiger differ from other tigers?

The Black tiger

The diet of a black tiger doesn’t differ from that of typical Bengal tigers. They are carnivorous apex predators feeding primarily on deer, boar, and other mammals.

Are black tigers more aggressive than regular tigers?

The Black tiger

There’s no evidence to suggest that melanistic tigers are more aggressive than their non-melanistic counterparts. Behavior is not determined by coloration.

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FaunaFolio is a dedicated team of wildlife enthusiasts committed to sharing their knowledge and passion for the animal kingdom. Through our comprehensive and engaging content, we aim to inspire appreciation and promote conservation of wildlife.

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