Home » 10 Rarest Butterflies In The World

10 Rarest Butterflies In The World

In the realm of fluttering wings and mesmerizing colors, certain butterflies stand out as exceptionally rare treasures of nature. These delicate creatures, though often unseen, hold untold secrets and stories within their fragile wings.

Here, we journey through the lives of ten of the world’s rarest butterflies, exploring the nuances of their existence and the challenges they face in the wild.

1. Lange’s Metalmark

Lange's Metalmark Butterfly
Lange’s Metalmark Butterfly | source: naturescrusaders.wordpress.com

The Lange’s Metalmark butterfly is a fragile species teetering on the brink of extinction. With a population dwindling to just a few hundred, these butterflies are confined to the sand dunes along the southern bank of the Sacramento River in the United States.

Though small in size, their vibrant coloration makes them a jewel of their habitat. Their survival is threatened by human encroachment, leading to habitat loss.

The Antioch Dunes National Wildlife Refuge stands as a beacon of hope for their preservation, actively working to protect and revive the Metalmark’s dwindling numbers.

2. Luzon Peacock Swallowtail

Luzon Peacock Swallowtail(Papilio chikae)
Luzon Peacock Swallowtail (Papilio chikae)| source: wikipedia.org

In the high altitudes of Luzon, an island in the northern Philippines, the Luzon Peacock Swallowtail graces the skies. Though their exact numbers remain unknown, they are considered highly endangered, their stunning array of colors a rare sight even for local inhabitants.

Their habitat, limited and under constant threat, adds to their mystique and the urgency of their conservation. The Luzon Peacock Swallowtail, with wings reflecting an artist’s palette, is a precious testament to nature’s creativity in the face of adversity.

Learn More:
14 Amazing Pink Butterflies (With Pictures)
Top 10 Largest Butterflies in the World
15 Amazing Blue Butterflies (With Pictures)
16 Amazing Purple Butterflies (With Pictures)

3. Blue Morpho

Blue Morpho Butterfly
Blue Morpho Butterfly | source: earth.com

The Blue Morpho butterfly, a radiant blue spectacle, is a rainforest icon known far beyond its home in the tropical regions of Latin America. Despite its widespread fame, its population faces significant threats.

With a wingspan reaching up to 8 inches, it flutters through life with a mere 115 days in its adult form. The Blue Morpho’s challenges are many, from natural predators to habitat loss and the relentless pursuit by collectors enchanted by their vibrant hues.

4. Queen Alexandra’s Birdwing

Queen Alexandra's Birdwing Butterfly
Queen Alexandra’s Birdwing Butterfly | source: vanderbiltmuseum.com

Majesty takes flight in the form of the Queen Alexandra’s Birdwing, the largest butterfly in the world, with females boasting wingspans extending up to a staggering 11 inches.

Learn More: Top 10 Largest Butterflies in the World

Native to the lush, verdant rainforests of Papua New Guinea, this regal creature is critically endangered. Its home, rich in biodiversity, is under siege by palm oil cultivation and logging, threatening the survival of this spectacular species.

5. Kaiser-i-Hind

Kaiser-i-Hind butterfly
Kaiser-i-Hind butterfly | source: drishtiias.com

The Kaiser-i-Hind, revered as the “Emperor of India,” is a rare gem hidden in the Eastern Himalayas’ treetops. Its elusive nature and the remoteness of its habitat have shielded its exact population from determination, but it remains a prized target for collectors.

The Kaiser-i-Hind’s vibrant green wings, a marvel to behold, symbolize the untamed beauty of one of the world’s most biodiverse regions.

6. Leona’s Little Blue

Leona's Little Blue
Leona’s Little Blue | source: bizjournals.com

Discovered in the serene landscapes of Oregon’s Klamath County, Leona’s Little Blue butterfly is a testament to nature’s subtlety and grace. This diminutive creature, occupying a territory of just six square miles, depends profoundly on the local buckwheat species for survival.

Its existence, though discreet, is a poignant reminder of the intricate interdependencies within ecosystems. The butterfly’s population, not vast to begin with, faces threats from habitat disturbances, making its conservation a delicate task.

Learn More:
14 Amazing Pink Butterflies (With Pictures)
Top 10 Largest Butterflies in the World
15 Amazing Blue Butterflies (With Pictures)
16 Amazing Purple Butterflies (With Pictures)

7. Island Marble

Island Marble Butterfly
Island Marble Butterfly | source: seattletimes.com

The story of the Island Marble butterfly is one of nature’s delightful surprises. Presumed extinct for nearly a century, it was rediscovered in 1998, breathing new hope into conservation efforts.

This elusive butterfly calls the prairies of Washington State’s San Juan Islands home. However, with an extremely limited range and challenges such as habitat loss, the survival of the Island Marble is a race against time.

8. Schaus’ Swallowtail

Schaus' Swallowtail Butterfly
Schaus’ Swallowtail Butterfly | source: wikipedia.org

The Schaus’ Swallowtail takes us on a journey to the subtropical hardwood forests of southern Florida. This large, yellow and brown butterfly is a strong flier, often covering significant distances.

However, its wanderlust is overshadowed by its struggle for survival, with factors like habitat loss and pesticide use posing substantial threats. Conservationists continue efforts to stabilize its population, but the Schaus’ Swallowtail remains an emblem of the endangered.

9. Zebra Longwing

Zebra Longwing Butterfly
Zebra Longwing Butterfly | source: wikipedia.org

The Zebra Longwing enjoys a status most butterflies don’t — it’s the official butterfly of the state of Florida. Characterized by long, narrow wings with zebra-like stripes, it’s a common sight in the sunshine state’s gardens.

Beyond Florida, it’s found throughout South and Central America. The Zebra Longwing leads a complex life, engaging in unusual behaviors like roosting collectively overnight. While not endangered, it faces threats from habitat alteration and climate change.

10. Bhutan Glory

Bhutan Glory Butterfly
Bhutan Glory Butterfly | source: wikipedia.org

High in the misty mountains of Bhutan and parts of India, the Bhutan Glory butterfly flutters with a certain mystique. Its large wings, marked by striking black and red patterns, create a mesmerizing sight as it navigates the high-altitude forests.

While the Bhutan Glory is not immediately threatened, its serene habitat faces encroachments, and the butterfly’s true population numbers remain something of an enigma.


From the rediscovered Island Marble to the mystical Bhutan Glory, these butterflies tell stories of resilience, mystery, and the sheer power of nature’s diversity.

They remind us that conservation is not just about numbers, but also about the beauty, wonder, and interconnectedness of life on Earth.

As we learn more about these rare species, we’re called to protect their habitats, respect their roles in our ecosystems, and cherish their presence in our world.


What is the rarest butterfly in the world?

The Lange’s Metalmark butterfly is considered one of the rarest, with its population confined to the sand dunes along the southern bank of the Sacramento River in the United States.

Where can the Luzon Peacock Swallowtail be found?

The Luzon Peacock Swallowtail is found in the high altitudes of Luzon, an island in the northern Philippines.

Is the Blue Morpho butterfly rare?

Despite its widespread fame, the Blue Morpho butterfly is facing significant threats, making its population vulnerable.

Why is the Queen Alexandra’s Birdwing endangered?

Native to Papua New Guinea, this butterfly is critically endangered due to habitat loss from palm oil cultivation and logging.

What makes the Kaiser-i-Hind butterfly unique?

Revered as the “Emperor of India,” the Kaiser-i-Hind is known for its vibrant green wings and is found in the Eastern Himalayas.

Where is the Zebra Longwing butterfly found?

The Zebra Longwing, the official butterfly of Florida, is found throughout South and Central America and is known for its unique roosting behavior.

Avatar for FaunaFolio

FaunaFolio is a dedicated team of wildlife enthusiasts committed to sharing their knowledge and passion for the animal kingdom. Through our comprehensive and engaging content, we aim to inspire appreciation and promote conservation of wildlife.

Leave a Comment

Facebook X WhatsApp